Despite its name (Turkish: “Old City”), The city expanded with the coming of the railway in the late 19th century and the immigration of Turks from the European provinces of the Ottoman Empire in the early 20th century. City, west central Turkey. It lies along the Porsuk River, a tributary of the Sakarya River, at a point about 125 miles (200 km) west of Ankara.
Eskisehir is divided into a commercial and industrial section, situated on low ground, and a residential quarter that occupies higher ground. One of the largest industrial centers in Turkey, it produces sugar, textiles, bricks, cement, chemicals, processed meerschaum, and railway and agricultural equipment. It also has aircraft workshops and is a center for cotton research.
It is a rail junction on the Istanbul – Ankara and Istanbul – Baghdad lines. Eskisehir is the seat of the University of Anatolia (1958). Eskisehir is one of the oldest settlements (3500 BC) in this region. It was founded in the 3rd millennium BC by the Phrygians along the banks of the Porsuk River and its banks. The city has many places of interest; the Archaeological Museum which houses the Phrygian objects and sculptures; the Ottoman House Museum which is a very fine example of the 19th century local architecture and has many local ethnographical items.
There are three significant tombs around Eskisehir: the Sheik Edibali Tomb, the Kumbet Baba Tomb, and the Cupola of Alemsah. The Phrygian Valley, the Falcon Fortress, the Unfinished Monument, and the Gerdek Rock are other historical sites to visit. In Eskisehir you will frequently see items made of meerschaum since this is the place where it originates You will see the best meerschaum stone works at the Meerschaum Museum. The Rug and Seyitgazi Museums have many examples of different kinds of kilims and hand knit and stockings.
In Eskisehir it is possible to have good time at Sakaryabasi where there is a spring lake and fresh fish restaurants. Outside Eskisehir is Sivrihisar (Justinianopolis), full of typical Ottoman houses and famous for its kilims. Seyit Battal Gazi (Nakoleia) is 45 kms south of Eskisehir. The mosque complex on the hill was built to pay homage to the Islamic hero Seyit Battal.