The oriental experience of the Turkish Bath, HAMMAM in the 21st century




turkish bath hamam

Take some time out to treat yourself with a rubdown and soap massage for a therapeutic and curative process, all thoroughly Turkish – not forgetting how relaxed, refreshed, and stimulated you will feel afterwards. The tradition of the Turkish bath is still a common practice in Turkey despite the proliferation of modern domestic baths, saunas, and Jacuzzis. On entering a hamam, choose between the “full monty” or a simpler experience of taking a bath in the marble chamber. In both cases, you will change into a “pestemal” (a type of sarong) leaving your clothes and valuables in a locker.

As in the Oriental custom, first let your skin soften up in the heat of the steam, and then pour water over your body from a jug. There is no bathtub in a hamam, but a basin and a seat made of pure marble. Before soaping yourself, you will have a rub-down with a ‘kese’ (an abrasive cloth) which takes off a layer of your skin! Then you can enjoy the soaping which can now thoroughly penetrate your pores. A hamam attendant will help you throughout this process for a pampering experience. Don’t be surprised if, you fall asleep during the process.

Afterwards don’t rush to have a cold drink, but choose a warm drink instead to equalise your body temperature and water balance. The very first examples of public baths were found in the Indus Valley the baths of Mohenjo Daro of about 5000 years ago. In ancient Egypt, priests washed themselves four times a day in cold water. The Ancient Sumerians had bathing facilities in which they built vertical drains leading from bathing rooms and had a large swimming pool constructed in the centre.

Bathing in Greece as evidenced in Homer’s description was brought by Menelaus from the East. Elaborate sweat baths were seen in Roman civilisations where men and women bathed at different sections at different times. The Turkish bath (Hamam), similar to that of Roman times,usually has two symmetrical sections for men and women in one building. There are large and comfortable sofas in the dressing room. After warming the body, one enters the central part of the hamam where the heat is at a maximum.




The original system depended on an upside-down cauldron placed in a large pool and the inside of the cauldron functioned as an oven heating the whole area through pipes under the floor and inside the walls. There was no chimney, and the smoke exited through this canal system. The hamams that have survived up to the present are mostly Ottoman examples, though some belong to the Seljuk period. Since the early stages of history, the main reason for taking a bath remains to be a ceremonial purification rather than just getting clean.

The custom of washing for cleanliness is thought to have developed later, as people originally washed more for ceremonial reasons than for hygiene. It is interesting to note that due to the Christians condemnation of self indulgence, antipathy to bathing remained for a long time in Europe as opposed to the cleanliness of the Moslems. The Crusaders returningfrom the war introduced the Turkish bath to Europe. At the same time, Englishmen residing in India and Turkey returned with a habit of daily bathing.

In 1862, David Urquart, whose life in the East had convinced him of the value of the Turkish steam bath, introduced the idea in London and thus it became an institution in the West. Later, European colonies took their attitude on bathing to America where it was taken to an extreme.




Are any vaccinations required for tourists entering Turkey




vaccine

There are no vaccination requirements for any international traveler. The World Health Organization web site, www.who.org, provides vaccination certificate requirements by country, geographic distributions of potential health hazards to travelers and information on health risks and their avoidance.




Most Fluent Turkish Phrases in English




istanbul

Most of the Turks You Will Meet – Crew Members, Hotel & Restaurant Staff, Shop – Keepers Will Speak At Least Some English, and Many Will Be Fluent.

English Turkish
Hello Merhaba / Selam
How are you? Nasilsiniz?
I am fine Ben iyiyim
Yes Evet
No Hayir
Thank you Tesekkur Ederim
Please Lutfen
Excuse Me Affedersiniz
When? Ne Zaman?
How? Nasil?
Why Nicin?
What? Ne?
Who? Kim?
Good Iyi
Bad Kotu
Very Cok
Do you speak English? Ingilizce biliyormusunuz?












I don’t understand Anlamadim
I understand Anliyorum/Anladim
I want Istiyorum
A double room Cift yatakli bir oda
A single room Tek yatakli bir oda
What is a room rate per night? Bir gecelik oda ne kadar?
Cheap Ucuz
Expensive [very expensive] Pahali [cok pahali]
Where is the nearest bank? En yakin banka nerededir?
Can you exchange my traveller’s check, please? Seyahat cekimi bozabilirmisiniz, lutfen?
How long will it take? Ne kadar
surer?
Give me the check, please Hesabi verirmisiniz
Where is the rest-room? Tuvalet nerede?
Call a doctor Doktor cagirin
Call the police Polis cagirin
It is an emergency Cok acil
New Friends Yeni Arkadas
What’s your name? Adiniz ne?
My name is.. Benim adim…
Where are you from? Nerelisiniz?
Are you alone? Yalniz misiniz?
Are you married? Evli misiniz?
Where’s your hotel? Oteliniz nerede?



























What kind of music do you like? Ne tur muzik seversiniz?
What do you like doing? Nelerden hoshlanirsiniz?
Nice to meet you: Memnun oldum
Would you like an icecream? Dondurma ister misiniz?
No thanks hayir , tesekurler
What are you studying? Ne okuyorsun?
Let’s go and dance! Hadi, dans edelim
Your eyes are beautiful Gozlerin cok guzel
You dance so well Mukemmel dans ediyorsun
I feel so close to you: Kendimi sana yakin hissediyorum
I love you Seni seviyorum
I love you too Ben de seni seviyorum.
Don’t do that Yapma!
No, not tonight Bu aksam olmaz
Shopping Alisveris
Do you take credit cards? Kredi karti kabul ediyor musunuz?
I’m just looking Yalniz bakiyorum
That’s too expensive cok Pahali
What’s Your Best Price? Son Fiyatiniz ne?
Can I try this on? Bunu deneyebilirmiyim?
A larger / smaller size Daha buyuk / kucuk beden
I don’t understand Anlamiyorum
I don’t know Bilmiyorum
Sunday Pazar
Monday Pazartesi

Tuesday Sali
Wednesday Carsamba
Thursday Persembe
Friday Cuma
Saturday Cumartesi
How much is this? Bunun fiyati ne kadar?
Goodbye Hosca Kalin

Contact Information of Foreign Consulates and Embassies in Turkey With Names, Phone Numbers and Street Address




international flags

COUNTRY Address Telephone Fax
Afghanistan Embassy Cinnah Cd. No:88 Cankaya, Ankara + 90 312 438 1121 + 90 312 438 7745
Albania Embassy Ebuziya Tevfik Sok. No:17 Cankaya, Ankara + 90 312 441 61 05 + 90 312 441 61 04
Consulate: Valikonagi Cad. Ekmek Fabrikasi Sok. No:4, Nisantasi, Istanbul + 90 212 232 1699 + 90 212 296 2427
Algeria Embassy Sehit Ersan cd. No:42 Cankaya Ankara + 90 312 427 8700 + 90 312 426 8959
Argentina Embassy Ugur Mumcu cad. 60/1 G.O.P. Ankara + 90 312 446 2062 + 90 312 446 2063
Australia Embassy Nene Hatun cd. 83 G.O.P. Ankara + 90 312 446 1180 + 90 312 446 1188
Austria Embassy Ataturk Bul.No:189 Kavaklidere Ankara + 90 312 419 0431 + 90 312 418 9454
Namik Kemal Bul. No:64 Antalya + 90 242 345 1020 + 90 242 345 1020
Koybasi Cd. No:46 Yenikoy Istanbul + 90 212 262 2931 + 90 212 262 2931
Azerbaijan Embassy Cemal Nadir sk. 20 Cankaya + 90 312 441 2620 + 90 312 441 2600
Belgium Embassy Mahatma Gandi cd. No:55 G.O.P. Ankara + 90 312 446 8247 + 90 312 446 8251
Siraselviler cad. No:73 Taksim Istanbul + 90 212 243 3300 + 90 212 243 3300
Ataturk cd. No:186-2 Izmir + 90 232 421 8847 + 90 232 421 8847
Bangladesh Embassy Cinnah Cad. 78/7-9 Cankaya Ankara + 90 312 439 2750 + 90 312 439 2408
Ayse Sultan Korusu No:11 Bebek Istanbul + 90 212 265 0672 + 90 212 265 0672
Bosnia Herzegovina Embassy Mahatma Gandi Cad.91/8-9 GOP. Ankara + 90 312 446 4090 + 90 312 446 6228
Brasil Embassy Iran cd. 47/1-3 Kavaklidere Ankara + 90 312 468 5320 + 90 312 468 5320
Bulgaria Embassy Ataturk Bul. 124 Kavaklidere Ankara + 90 312 426 7455 + 90 312 427 3178
Talatpasa cad. 31 Edirne + 90 284 225 1069 + 90 284 225 1069
Zincirlikuyu cd. 44 Ulus Istanbul + 90 212 269 0478 + 90 212 269 0478
Canada Embassy Nene Hatun cd. 75 G.O.P. Ankara + 90 312 436 1275 + 90 312 446 4437
Buyukdere cd. No:107 Bengun Han G.Tepe – Istanbul + 90 212 272 5174 + 90 212 272 5174
Chile Embassy Iran Cad.45/2 Cankaya Ankara + 90 312 438 9444 + 90 312 438 6145



COUNTRY ADDRESS TELEPHONE FAX
Costa Rica Consulate Tahmis Kalcin sk. 15 Eminonu Istanbul + 90 212 244 6190 + 90 212 244 6190
Croatia Embassy Kelebek sk. No:15/A G.O.P. Ankara + 90 312 446 9460 + 90 312 436 6212
Cuba Embassy Komsu sk. 7/1-2 Cankaya Ankara + 90 312 439 4110 + 90 312 441 4007
Czech Republic Embassy Ugur Mumcu cad. No:100/3 G.O.P. Ankara + 90 312 446 1244 + 90 312 446 1245
Denmark Embassy Kirlangic sk. No:42 G.O.P. Ankara + 90 312 468 7760 + 90 312 468 4559
Bilezik sk. No:2 Findikli Istanbul + 90 212 245 0385 + 90 212 245 0385
Akdeniz cd. 1/702 Pasaport Izmir + 90 232 489 3441 + 90 232 489 3441
Guven Is Hani No:2 PK.23 Mersin + 90 324 231 4217 + 90 324 231 4217
Dominic Consulate Akkavak sk. No:9 Kat:3 Sisli Istanbul + 90 212 248 3613 + 90 212 248 3613
1398 sk. No:10/4 Alsancak Izmir + 90 232 421 5222 + 90 232 421 5222
Egypt Embassy Ataturk Bul. No:126 Kavaklidere Ankara + 90 312 426 1026 + 90 312 427 0099
Finland Embassy Kader sk. No.45 GOP Ankara + 90 312 426 1930 + 90 312 468 0072
Akdeniz Nebati Yaglar ve Tekstil San.A.S. Adana + 90 322 321 8845 + 90 322 321 8845
Inonu cd. 69-6 A. Pasa Istanbul + 90 212 243 3775 + 90 212 243 3775
France Embassy Paris cd. 70 Kavaklidere Ankara + 90 312 468 1154 + 90 312 467 9434
Istiklal cad. 18 Taksim Istanbul + 90 212 243 1852 + 90 212 243 1852
Cumhuriyet Bul. 153 Izmir + 90 232 421 4234 + 90 232 421 4234
Germany Embassy Ataturk Bul. 114 Kavaklidere Ankara + 90 312 426 5465 + 90 312 426 6959
Orgeneral Kenan Evren Bul. 142 B Blok 12 Antalya + 90 242 241 3318 + 90 242 241 3318
Gazi Pasa cd. 22 Edirne + 90 284 225 2302 + 90 284 225 2302
Ataturk Bul. 83 Iskenderun + 90 326 612 1666 + 90 326 612 1666
Inonu cd. 16-18 A.Pasa Istanbul + 90 212 251 5404 + 90 212 251 5404
Ataturk cad. 260 PK 156 Izmir + 90 232 421 6995 + 90 232 421 6995
Eski Belediye sk. No:7 Sivas + 90 346 221 1404 + 90 346 221 1404
Greece Embassy Zia-ul-Rahman cd.9/11 Ankara + 90 312 436 8860 + 90 312 446 3191



Those Who Want to Work In Turkey




work

Foreigners who want to reside for a long time or be employed in Turkey are supposed to apply to our foreign representatives and require a due visa for longer stays or employment.Those who apply for employment are to submit the copy of the written permission on their application. The required document enabling the residance of foreigners is “Residence Permit For Foreigners”. In relation to the document taken from the Provincial Security Directorate, Division of Foreigners, detailed information will be acquired from the Police Headquarter of the province of residence.

Application Address: Icisleri Bakanligi Emniyet Genel Mudurlugu Yabancilar Daire Baskanligi Ilkadim Caddesi No:89 Dikmen – ANKARA

Residence and Work Permission Office Phone: + 90 312 412 32 32
Visa Information Office Phone: + 90 312 412 32 36
For further information;www.egm.gov.tr