Make Your Visa Application in Person And One Month Before You Proceed to Turkey to Avoid Any Inconvenience




international flags

Afghanistan: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Albania: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain two-month multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Algeria: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Andorra: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Angola: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Antigua-Barbuda: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Ordinary passport holders can obtain three month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish borders gates.
Argentina: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Armenia: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Ordinary passport holders can obtain one-month multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates.
Australia: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Ordinary passport holders can obtain three month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates.
Austria: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain three month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Azerbaijan: Ordinary passport holders are exempt from visa requirement for their travels to Turkey up to 30 days. Official passport holders are exempt from visa requirement for their travels up to 90 days.
Bahamas: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain three month multiple entry visas at the Turkish borders gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Bahrain: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Bangladesh: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempted from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Barbados: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain three month multiple entry visas at the Turkish borders gates.
Belarus: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain two-month multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Belgium: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain three-month multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Belize: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Benin: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Bhutan: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Bolivia: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Bosnia – Herzegovina: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 60 days.
Botswana: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Brazil: Official and ordinary passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Brunei: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Bulgaria: Diplomatic and service passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 30 days. Ordinary passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days within 6 months starting from the first entry date.
Burkina Faso: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Burundi: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Cambodia: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Cameroon: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Canada: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Ordinary passport holders can obtain three-month multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates.
Cape Verde: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Central African Republic: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Chad: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Chile: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempted from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
China: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempted from visa for their travels up to 30 days.
Colombia: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days in each six-month period.
Comoros: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Congo: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Costa Rika: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 30 days.
Croatia: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 60 days.
Cuba: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Czech Republic: Official and ordinary passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Cote d’Ivoire: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Denmark: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Djibouti: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Dominica: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Ordinary passport holders can obtain three month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish borders gates.
Dominican Republic: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Ordinary passport holders can obtain three month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish borders gates.
East Timor: Official and ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Ecuador: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Egypt: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempted from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
El Salvador: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Equatorial Guinea: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Eritrea: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Estonia: Only diplomatic passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 30 days. Ordinary passport holders can obtain one-month multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates.
Ethiopia: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Fiji: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Finland: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
France: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Gabon: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Gambia: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Georgia: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Germany: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Ghana: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Greece: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Grenada: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain three month multiple entry visas at the Turkish borders gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Guatemala: Official and ordinary passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Guinea: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Guinea-Bissau: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Guyana: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Greek Cypriot Administration: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Ordinary passport holders can obtain one-month single entry visas at the Turkish border gates.
Haiti: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Ordinary passport holders can obtain three month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish borders gates.
Honduras: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days. Ordinary passport holders can obtain one month multiple entry visas at the Turkish borders gates.
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the PRC: Ordinary and official “Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the PRC ( SAR ) Passport” holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days. Hong Kong citizens who have “British National Overseas Passport” are subject to visa and they can obtain three month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Holders of “Certificate of Identity-Hong Kong ( C.I. )” and “Document of Identity for Visa Purposes-Hong Kong( D.I. )” must get their visas from the Turkish representations abroad.
Hungary: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain one-month multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 30 days.
Iceland: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
India: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Indonesia: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 60 days.
Iran: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Iraq: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are obliged to get their visas from the Turkish diplomatic representations abroad. Ordinary passport holders, travelling to Turkey with the flights from Bagdad, Erbil, Suleymania or Amman Airports to Istanbul Atatürk Airport or Antalya Airport, could get their visas at the Turkish border gates upon their arrival, provided that they met certain conditions. For details please contact the nearest Turkish representation.
Ireland: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Ordinary passport holders can obtain three-month multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates.
Israel: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Italy: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Jamaica: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain three month multiple entry visas at the Turkish borders gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Japan: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Jordan: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain one-month entry visas at the Turkish border gates.
Kazakhstan: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 30 days.
Kenya: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempted from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Kiribati: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Kuwait: Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days. Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey and they can obtain their sticker type visas at the Turkish border gates upon their arrival. Kyrgyzstan: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 30 days.
Laos: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Latvia: Ordinary passport holders are exempt from visa requirement for their travels up to 30 (thirty) days. Diplomatic and service passport holders are exempt from visa requirement for their travels up to 90 (ninety) days.
Lebanon: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Lesotho: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Liberia: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Libya: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Liechtenstein: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Lithuania: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain one-month multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Luxemburg: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Macao Special Administration: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 30 days.




Macedonia: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempted from visa for their travels up to 60 days.
Madagascar: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Malawi: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Malaysia: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Maldives: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain three month multiple entry visas at the Turkish borders gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 30 days.
Mali: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Malta: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain three-month multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Marshall Islands: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Mauritania: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Mauritius: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Mexico: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Only diplomatic passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Moldova: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain one-month multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 30 days.
Monaco: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Mongolia: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa requirement for their travels to Turkey up to 30 days.
Montenegro: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain one month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Morocco: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Mozambique: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Myanmar (Burma): Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Namibia: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Nauru: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Nepal: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Netherlands: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain three month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
New Zealand: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Nicaragua: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Niger: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Nigeria: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea): Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Northern Mariana Islands: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Norway: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain one month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Oman: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Pakistan: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Palau Republic: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Palestine: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Only diplomatic passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 30 days.
Panama: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Papua New Guinea: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Paraguay: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Peru: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Philippines: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 30 days.
Poland: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain one month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Portugal: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain three month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Only diplomatic passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Qatar: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are obliged to get their visas from the Turkish diplomatic representations abroad. Ordinary passport holders can obtain their sticker type visas at the Turkish border gates upon their arrival.
Romania: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain one-month single entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 60 days.
Russian Federation: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain two month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Only diplomatic passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Rwanda: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
St Christopher Nevis: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Ordinary passport holders can obtain three month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish borders gates.
St Lucia: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain three month multiple entry visas at the Turkish borders gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
St Vincent and the Grenadines: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Ordinary passport holders can obtain three month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish borders gates.
San Marino: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Sao Tome and Principe: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Saudi Arabia: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are obliged to get their visas from the Turkish diplomatic representations abroad. Ordinary passport holders can obtain their sticker type visas at the Turkish border gates upon their arrival.
Senegal: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Serbia: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain one month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Seychelles: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Sierra Leone: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Singapore: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Slovakia: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain one month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Slovenia: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain three month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Solomon Islands: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Somalia: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
South Africa: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 30 days.
Republic of Korea (South Korea): Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Spain: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain three month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Sri Lanka: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Sudan: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Surinam: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Swaziland: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Sweden: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Switzerland: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Syria: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Taiwan: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Tajikistan: Ordinary passport holders are exempt from visa requirement for their travels to Turkey up to 30 days. Diplomatic passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels to Turkey up to 90 days.
Tanzania: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Thailand: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Togo: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Tonga: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Trinidad and Tobago: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Tunisia: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa.
Turkmenistan: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa requirement for their travels to Turkey up to 30 days.
Tuvalu: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Uganda: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Ukraine: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain two month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
United Arab Emirates: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are obliged to get their visas from the Turkish diplomatic representations abroad. Ordinary passport holders can obtain their sticker type visas at the Turkish border gates upon their arrival.
United Kingdom: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Ordinary passport holders can obtain three month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border Gates. “British National Overseas ( BNO )” or “British Protected Persons ( BPP )” passport holders are NOT issued visas on the Turkish border Gates They must apply to the Turkish representations abroad in order to get visa ( Hong Kong citizens holding BNO passport can obtain visa on the border gates ).
United States of America: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. They can obtain three month-multiple entry visas at the Turkish border gates.
Uruguay: Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Uzbekistan: Ordinary passport holders are exempt from visa requirement for their travels to Turkey up to 30 days. Diplomatic passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels to Turkey up to 90 days.
Vanuatu: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Vatican (Holy See): Ordinary and official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Venezuela: Ordinary passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days in each six-month period. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 30 days.
Vietnam: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Official passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 90 days.
Western Samoa: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Yemen: Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey. Only diplomatic passport holders are exempt from visa for their travels up to 30 days.
Zaire: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Zambia: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.
Zimbabwe: Ordinary and official passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.




Explanations:
The term “official passports” covers diplomatic, service, special and official passports.
The above information is for tourists. If you are going to study or work in Turkey, you must obtain appropriate visa from Turkish diplomatic/consular missions, prior to proceeding to Turkey.
Visa regime for truck drivers of a country may differ from the overall visa regime effective for citizens of that particular country. For further information, please contact the nearest Turkish mission.
Despite the visa regime applied towards the citizens of a country, the travel document holders of that country need to obtain visa from Turkish missions beforehand.
All foreigners, except for those exempt from visa requirement, should obtain their visas at the Turkish missions. Those foreigners, who can obtain sticker type visas at the Turkish border gates, may also have their visas at the Turkish missions, alternatively.
Foreigners who will shoot a documentary film, conduct a research or an archeological excavation should get a special permission from the Turkish authorities in advance.
If you have a valid visa, you do not need a residence permit up to 90 days. On the other, foreigners who shall reside, work or study in Turkey, should register themselves at the nearest local police department upon their arrival in Turkey, regardless of the validity of their visa.

Information on Work Visa:
To work in Turkey, you must apply to the nearest Turkish mission to obtain work permit and visa. Your passport, visa application form and a letter from your employer are just needed for your application. Other documents should be submitted to the Turkish Ministry of Labour and Social Security (MLSS) by your employer within three working days after your application. You may find the list of those documents in the MLSS’s website ( http://www.csgb.gov.tr). Applications are finalised by the MLSS within ninety days at the latest. Right after your arrival in Turkey (before starting to work), you should be registered at the local police department within one month to obtain the necessary residence permit.

Source : http://www.mfa.gov.tr

The oriental experience of the Turkish Bath, HAMMAM in the 21st century




turkish bath hamam

Take some time out to treat yourself with a rubdown and soap massage for a therapeutic and curative process, all thoroughly Turkish – not forgetting how relaxed, refreshed, and stimulated you will feel afterwards. The tradition of the Turkish bath is still a common practice in Turkey despite the proliferation of modern domestic baths, saunas, and Jacuzzis. On entering a hamam, choose between the “full monty” or a simpler experience of taking a bath in the marble chamber. In both cases, you will change into a “pestemal” (a type of sarong) leaving your clothes and valuables in a locker.

As in the Oriental custom, first let your skin soften up in the heat of the steam, and then pour water over your body from a jug. There is no bathtub in a hamam, but a basin and a seat made of pure marble. Before soaping yourself, you will have a rub-down with a ‘kese’ (an abrasive cloth) which takes off a layer of your skin! Then you can enjoy the soaping which can now thoroughly penetrate your pores. A hamam attendant will help you throughout this process for a pampering experience. Don’t be surprised if, you fall asleep during the process.

Afterwards don’t rush to have a cold drink, but choose a warm drink instead to equalise your body temperature and water balance. The very first examples of public baths were found in the Indus Valley the baths of Mohenjo Daro of about 5000 years ago. In ancient Egypt, priests washed themselves four times a day in cold water. The Ancient Sumerians had bathing facilities in which they built vertical drains leading from bathing rooms and had a large swimming pool constructed in the centre.

Bathing in Greece as evidenced in Homer’s description was brought by Menelaus from the East. Elaborate sweat baths were seen in Roman civilisations where men and women bathed at different sections at different times. The Turkish bath (Hamam), similar to that of Roman times,usually has two symmetrical sections for men and women in one building. There are large and comfortable sofas in the dressing room. After warming the body, one enters the central part of the hamam where the heat is at a maximum.




The original system depended on an upside-down cauldron placed in a large pool and the inside of the cauldron functioned as an oven heating the whole area through pipes under the floor and inside the walls. There was no chimney, and the smoke exited through this canal system. The hamams that have survived up to the present are mostly Ottoman examples, though some belong to the Seljuk period. Since the early stages of history, the main reason for taking a bath remains to be a ceremonial purification rather than just getting clean.

The custom of washing for cleanliness is thought to have developed later, as people originally washed more for ceremonial reasons than for hygiene. It is interesting to note that due to the Christians condemnation of self indulgence, antipathy to bathing remained for a long time in Europe as opposed to the cleanliness of the Moslems. The Crusaders returningfrom the war introduced the Turkish bath to Europe. At the same time, Englishmen residing in India and Turkey returned with a habit of daily bathing.

In 1862, David Urquart, whose life in the East had convinced him of the value of the Turkish steam bath, introduced the idea in London and thus it became an institution in the West. Later, European colonies took their attitude on bathing to America where it was taken to an extreme.




Where can I find information on Festivals, Fairs and other Events in Turkey?




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There are more than 100 festivals in Turkey every year. In addition to the local festivals organized in almost every city of the country, international culture and art festivals are held in major cities including Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir and Antalya. Istanbul is the most important center in Turkey of international culture and art festivals.

Information on the principle Turkish international art and culture festivals and other important events can be found at www.turkey.org (click on Travel and Tourism Calender and Weather section) The Istanbul Culture and Art Foundation’s web site, www.istfest.org, gives detailed information on their festivals in Istanbul. In recent years, Turkey has been very popular with the congress tourism market, and Turkey hosts more congresses, fairs and conventions every year. With over 50 airlines flying to Turkey and most major European cities just a two or three hour flight away, Istanbul has become the venue of choice for many conventions and exhibitions.




Istanbul offers the 5,000-person capacity Istanbul Convention & Exhibition Center (ICEC), two fair and exhibition halls, the International Exhibition Center (CNR) and the Fair and Congress Center (TUYAP), and numerous five star hotels with convention facilities. Istanbul can host 25,000 conference and exhibition delegates and visitors at any one time.

For more information on ICEC, CNR, TUYAP and for a calendar of fairs and exhibitions at these centers, visit their web sites: www.icec.org, www.itf-exhibitions.com, and www.tuyap.com A list and a calendar of all fairs throughout Turkey can be found at www.igeme.org.tr (the calendar of fairs is in Turkish).




Most Fluent Turkish Phrases in English




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Most of the Turks You Will Meet – Crew Members, Hotel & Restaurant Staff, Shop – Keepers Will Speak At Least Some English, and Many Will Be Fluent.

English Turkish
Hello Merhaba / Selam
How are you? Nasilsiniz?
I am fine Ben iyiyim
Yes Evet
No Hayir
Thank you Tesekkur Ederim
Please Lutfen
Excuse Me Affedersiniz
When? Ne Zaman?
How? Nasil?
Why Nicin?
What? Ne?
Who? Kim?
Good Iyi
Bad Kotu
Very Cok
Do you speak English? Ingilizce biliyormusunuz?












I don’t understand Anlamadim
I understand Anliyorum/Anladim
I want Istiyorum
A double room Cift yatakli bir oda
A single room Tek yatakli bir oda
What is a room rate per night? Bir gecelik oda ne kadar?
Cheap Ucuz
Expensive [very expensive] Pahali [cok pahali]
Where is the nearest bank? En yakin banka nerededir?
Can you exchange my traveller’s check, please? Seyahat cekimi bozabilirmisiniz, lutfen?
How long will it take? Ne kadar
surer?
Give me the check, please Hesabi verirmisiniz
Where is the rest-room? Tuvalet nerede?
Call a doctor Doktor cagirin
Call the police Polis cagirin
It is an emergency Cok acil
New Friends Yeni Arkadas
What’s your name? Adiniz ne?
My name is.. Benim adim…
Where are you from? Nerelisiniz?
Are you alone? Yalniz misiniz?
Are you married? Evli misiniz?
Where’s your hotel? Oteliniz nerede?



























What kind of music do you like? Ne tur muzik seversiniz?
What do you like doing? Nelerden hoshlanirsiniz?
Nice to meet you: Memnun oldum
Would you like an icecream? Dondurma ister misiniz?
No thanks hayir , tesekurler
What are you studying? Ne okuyorsun?
Let’s go and dance! Hadi, dans edelim
Your eyes are beautiful Gozlerin cok guzel
You dance so well Mukemmel dans ediyorsun
I feel so close to you: Kendimi sana yakin hissediyorum
I love you Seni seviyorum
I love you too Ben de seni seviyorum.
Don’t do that Yapma!
No, not tonight Bu aksam olmaz
Shopping Alisveris
Do you take credit cards? Kredi karti kabul ediyor musunuz?
I’m just looking Yalniz bakiyorum
That’s too expensive cok Pahali
What’s Your Best Price? Son Fiyatiniz ne?
Can I try this on? Bunu deneyebilirmiyim?
A larger / smaller size Daha buyuk / kucuk beden
I don’t understand Anlamiyorum
I don’t know Bilmiyorum
Sunday Pazar
Monday Pazartesi

Tuesday Sali
Wednesday Carsamba
Thursday Persembe
Friday Cuma
Saturday Cumartesi
How much is this? Bunun fiyati ne kadar?
Goodbye Hosca Kalin